APA 6th referencing

A guide to APA referencing (6th edition)

Journal Articles

At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.

 

ARTICLES FROM A PRINT JOURNAL

Article with a DOI:

Sie, I., Thorstad, M., & Andersen, B. M. (2008). Infection control and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in nursing homes in Oslo. Journal of Hospital Infection, 70(3), 235-240. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2008.06.009

First In-text citation (Sie, Thorstad, & Andersen, 2008)

Subsequent in- text citation (Sie et al., 2008)

 

Article without a DOI:

Steele, C., & Yielder, J. (2004). Clinical supervision: Designing a model to enhance clinical learning for medial imaging students. Journal of Diagnostic Radiography and Imaging, 5(2), 89-97.

In-text citation (Steele & Yielder, 2004)

 

ARTICLES FROM AN ELECTRONIC JOURNAL IN A SUBSCRIPTION DATABASE

Article with DOI:

DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier. Some databases and websites assign them to each article they have. Not all databases or websites assign DOIs to their articles.

Sie, I., Thorstad, M., & Andersen, B. M. (2008). Infection control and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in nursing homes in Oslo. Journal of Hospital Infection, 70(3), 235-240. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2008.06.009

First In-text citation (Sie, Thorstad, & Andersen, 2008)

Subsequent in- text citation (Sie et al., 2008)

 

Article without a DOI:

If the journal article does not have a DOI printed on it, you need to search the Internet for the journal’s website and reference the homepage URL.

Sie, I., Thorstad, M., & Andersen, B. M. (2008). Infection control and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in nursing homes in Oslo. Journal of Hospital Infection, 70(3), 235-240. Retrieved from http://www.journalofhospitalinfection.com

First In-text citation (Sie, Thorstad, & Andersen, 2008)

Subsequent in- text citation (Sie et al., 2008)

 

ARTICLE FROM A WEB JOURNAL (not from a database) WITH NO DOI

If the journal article does not have a DOI printed on it, you need to reference the homepage URL of the journal.

Curry, L., Hogstel, M., Frable, P., & Walker, C. (2004). Bone health among aging baby boomers. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice. 6(2). Retrieved from http://www.ispub.com/journal.html?journal_slug=the_internet_journal_of_advanced_nursing_practice&commit=Go+to+journal

First In-text citation (Curry, Hogstel, Frabel, & Walker, 2005)

Subsequent in- text citation (Curry et al., 2005)

Need More Help!

For more help contact Te Puna Ako Learning Centre 

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Things to remember

Authors, names : Authors names should always be Surname, Initial. Initial.  e.g. Smith, L. M.

 

Multiple authors: The same rules apply as for books.

 

Italics : Only the journal title and the volume number should be in italics.

 

Capitalization : For an article title, the first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle.  Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals. For a journal title, all major words need to be capitalized.

 

Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark.  Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems.

 

Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen.  If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.

For example you read an article by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."

If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss article.

Sandvoss, C. (2003). A game of two halves: Football, television and globalization. Journal of Football Societies, 34(3), 1-8.

In text citation (as cited in Sandvoss, 2003, p. 2)