At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.
Lee, J. (1997). Kinship and family ties. Retrieved from http://www.postcolonialweb.org/nz/maorijlg2b.html
In-text citation (Lee, 1997)
Web page with corporate author
Ministry of Health. (1997). Kinship and family ties. Retrieved from http://www.postcolonialweb.org/nz/maorijlg2b.html
In-text citation (Ministry of Health, 1997)
Web page with no author
Kinship and family ties. (1997). Retrieved from http://www.postcolonialweb.org/nz/maorijlg2b.html
In-text citation ("Kinship and family ties," 1997)
Web page with no date
Lee, J. (n.d.). Kinship and family ties. Retrieved from http://www.postcolonialweb.org/nz/maorijlg2b.html
In-text citation (Lee, n.d.)
Online Government Report
See the entry on the Reports tab.
Marcoux, A. (2008). Business ethics. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.). The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-business/
In-text citation (Marcoux, 2008)
Ignition. (1989). In Oxford English online dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from http://dictionary.oed.com
In-text citation ("Ignition," 1989)
A wiki (such as wikipedia) is a website that any one can contribute to, by writing, reviewing or editing an entry.
Stress testing. (2008). Retrieved October 15, 2008, from Wikipedia: http//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stress_test
In-text citation ("Stress testing," 2008)
When referencing a blog you should use the Author's full name if this is available, list the last name first followed by initials, Smith, A. A.. If only a screen name is available use that. The date should be the date that the blog was posted NOT the date you viewed it.
Myers, P. Z. (2007, January 22). The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogspharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequistes.php
In-text citation (Myers, 2007)
This would be a response to a blog post
MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). RE: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Web log comment]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequistes.php
In-text citation (MiddleKid, 2007)
For more help contact Te Puna Ako Learning Centre
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Waitākere Campus Tel 09 815 4321 and ask for Waitākere Student Central
Authors' names : Authors' names should always be Surname, Initial. Initial. e.g. Smith, L. M.
Multiple authors: The same rules apply as for books.
Italics : The name of a stand-alone web page should not be in italics. If referencing an entry in a larger work, such as an online encyclopedia or dictionary, the title of the book should be in italics but the title of the entry should not.
Capitalization : The first letter of the first word of a title should be capitalized as should the first letter of the first word of any subtitle. Everything else should be in lower case unless it is a proper noun or an abbreviation that is always written in capitals.
Splitting a URL : If your URL needs to be split do not insert a hyphen. Break the URL before a punctuation mark. Do not add a full stop at the end of URL as this may appear to be part of the URL and cause retrieval problems.
Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen. If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.
For example you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."
If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss book.
Sandvoss, C. (2003). A game of two halves: Football, television and globalization. London: Routledge.
In text citation (as cited in Sandvoss, 2003, p. 2)