MLA Referencing

Journal Articles

At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.



Harper, Jennifer Yong and Bruce A. Schulte."Social Interactions in Captive Female

     Florida Manatees." Zoo Biology 24 (2005): 125-144. Print.

In-text citation  (Harper and Schulte 130)


Steele, C. and J. Yielder. "Clinical Supervision: Designing a Model to Enhance

     Clinical Learning for Medical Imaging Students." Journal of Diagnostic

     Radiography and Imaging 5.2 (2004): 89-97. Print.

In text citation (Steele and Yielder 95)



 Sie, I., M. Thorstad and B. M. Andersen "Infection Control and Methicillin-

    Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Nursing Homes in Oslo. Journal

    of Hospital Infection 70.3 (2008): 235-240. ScienceDirect. Web. 5 Aug. 2009.

In-text citation (Sie, Thorstad and Andersen 239)



Curry, Linda C., et al. "Bone Health among Aging Baby Boomers." The Internet 

     Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice 6.2 (2004): n. pag. Web. 5 Aug. 2009

In-text citation (Curry)


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Things to remember

Authors' names :

1st Author should be referenced as Surname, First name Middle name  e.g.  Porter, Katherine Anne

Initials should only be used if that is what appears on the title page e.g. Rowling, J. K.

2nd and 3rd Authors should be referenced First name Middle name Surname e.g.

Press, Frank and Raymond Siever


Volume and issue numbers : If a journal has a volume and issue number it should be included as volume.issue. eg 70.3.


Italics : Journal titles should be in italics.  The title of the article should not be in italics. 

If you are referencing an electronic article from a subscription database or website, the database or website name should be in italics.


Capitalization : All the major words in a title should be capitalized.


URL :  URLs do not need to be included in your reference unless you do not think the item could be found easily through a web search. If you do include a URL put it in angled brackets. If you need to split it over two lines, only split at a slash (/) e.g.




Format : MLA requires the type of format you accessed the material in to be included in the reference. 

If you are using a hardcopy of a journal put Print.

If you have accessed the article via the internet or a subscription database put Web.


Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen.  If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.

For example you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor: "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."

If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss book.

Sandvoss, Cornel. A Game of Two Halves: Football, Television and Globalization. London: Routledge. 2003. Print.

In text citation (qtd. in Sandvoss 2)