MLA Referencing

Web Pages

At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.


Web page

Lee, Jennifer. "Kinship and Family Ties". Contemporary Post-Colonial &

     Post-Colonial Literature in English. Spring 1997. Web. 5 Aug. 2009

In-text citation  (Lee)


Online Encyclopedia

Marcoux, Alexei. "Business Ethics." The Stanford Encyclopedia of

     Philosophy. Stanford University, 16 April 2008. Web. 5 Aug. 2009

In-text citation (Marcoux)


Online Dictionary 

"Ignition." Oxford English Online Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Oxford English

     Dictionary. Web. 5 Aug. 2009

In-text citation (Ignition)



A wiki (such as wikipedia) is a website that any one can contribute to, by writing, reviewing or editing an entry.

 "Festival of Britain." Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 27 March 2014. Web. 09 Apr. 2014.


 Note that the latest format of MLA says to leave out the URL unless the source cannot be located without it.

In-text citation ("Festival of Britain")


Need More Help!

For more help contact Te Puna Ako Learning Centre 

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Things to remember

Authors' names :

1st Author should be referenced as Surname, First name Middle name  e.g.  Porter, Katherine Anne

Initials should only be used if that is what appears on the title page e.g. Rowling, J. K.

2nd and 3rd Authors should be referenced First name Middle name Surname e.g.

Press, Frank and Raymond Siever


Italics :  Web page titles should be in italics if they are an independent work.  If the work is part of a larger work it is not. 

Website names should be in italics.


Capitalization : All the major words in a title should be capitalized.


URL :  URLs do not need to be included in your reference unless you do not think the item could be found easily through a web search. If you do include a URL put it in angled brackets. If you need to split it over two lines, only split at a slash (/) e.g.




Format : MLA requires the type of format you accessed the material in to be included in the reference. 

If you have accessed the material via the internet put Web.


Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen.  If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.

For example you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor: "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."

If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss book.

Sandvoss, Cornel. A Game of Two Halves: Football, Television and Globalization. London: Routledge. 2003. Print.

In text citation (qtd. in Sandvoss 2)