MLA Referencing

Conference Proceedings

At the end of your assignment, essay or project you are required to include a reference list containing the full details of each source. The list should be in alphabetical order and include the author/editor, date, title and publication information. References over one line long should use a hanging indent to indent the second and following lines.


Proceedings published as a book

Gough, P. T. ed. The Way Forward. Proceedings from the Third

     Triennial Conference of AEESEAP, 8-11 Dec., 1991. Christchurch,

     NZ: University of Canterbury, n.pag. Print.

In-text citation  (Gough 10)


Conference Papers


From a Published book

Cameron, Brian H. and Kay Wijekumar. "The Effectiveness of Simulation in a

     Hybrid and On-Line Networking Course." Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth

     SIGCSE Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education, February

     19-22, 2003. New York: Association for Computing Machinery, 2003. 117-119.


In-text citation (Cameron 118)




Need More Help!

For more help contact Te Puna Ako Learning Centre 

Mt Albert Campus Tel 09 815 4321 Ext. 8611.

Waitakere Campus Tel 09 815 4321 Ext. 5094.

Northern Campus Tel 09 815 4321 Ext. 5623.

Things to remember

Authors' names :

1st Author should be referenced as Surname, First name Middle name  e.g.  Porter, Katherine Anne

Initials should only be used if that is what appears on the title page e.g. Rowling, J. K.

2nd and 3rd Authors should be referenced First name Middle name Surname e.g.

Press, Frank and Raymond Siever


Editors' names : If you are referencing the whole book then use the same rules as the authors above.

However if you are referencing a chapter of an edited book the editor's name should be First name Middle name. Surname. e.g.

Ed. Ian Foster, Angela Burnel and Bruce Webb


Italics : Book titles should be in italics.  If you are referencing a chapter in a book, the title of the chapter should not be in italics. 

If you are referencing an electronic book from a subscription database or website, the database or website name should be in italics.


Capitalization : All the major words in a book and chapter title should be capitalized.


Format : MLA requires the type of format you accessed the material in to be included in the reference. 

If you are using a hardcopy of a book or article put Print.

If you have accessed the paper or proceedings via the internet or a subscription database put Web.


Secondary Sources : You can only reference information that you have actually seen.  If that book or journal article quotes another piece of work which you also want to quote, you need to cite the information as a secondary citation.

For example you read a book by Sandvoss, in which he quotes Taylor: "Ian Taylor's influential analysis (1971) in which he identifies hooliganism as a response to social control..."

If you have not read the item by Taylor you would reference the Sandvoss book.

Sandvoss, Cornel. A Game of Two Halves: Football, Television and Globalization. London: Routledge. 2003. Print.

In text citation (qtd. in Sandvoss 2)