MLA Referencing

Information not know

While referencing you will come across certain material that has some of the normal referencing elements missing, ie no date of publication, no author etc.  When this happens you may need to change your reference slightly.  Below are some examples of what you may need to do.

 

No Author/ Editor

College Bound Seniors. Princeton: College Board Press, 1979

In text citation (College Bound Seniors 25)

 

No Publication Date

Baggins, Bilbo. There and Back Again: A Hobbit's Tale. Hobbiton: Shire Press, n.d.

In text citation (Baggins 34)

 

No Place of Publication

Baggins, Bilbo. There and Back Again: A Hobbit's Tale. N.p.: Shire Press, 1970

In text citation (Baggins 34)

 

 

No Publisher's Details

Baggins, Bilbo. There and Back Again: A Hobbit's Tale. Hobbiton: n.p., 1970 

In text citation (Baggins 34)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Things to remember

Authors' names :

1st Author should be referenced as Surname, First name Middle name  e.g.  Porter, Katherine Anne

Initials should only be used if that is what appears on the title page e.g. Rowling, J. K.

2nd and 3rd Authors should be referenced First name Middle name Surname e.g.

Press, Frank and Raymond Siever

 

Editors' names : If you are referencing the whole book then use the same rules as the authors above.

However if you are referencing a chapter of an edited book the editor's name should be First name Middle name Surname. e.g.

Ed. Ian Foster, Angela Burnel and Bruce Webb

 

Italics : Book titles should be in italics.  If you are referencing a chapter in a book, the title of the chapter should not be in italics. 

If you are referencing an electronic book from a subscription database or website, the database or website name should be in italics.

 

Capitalization : All the major words in a book and chapter title should be capitalized.

 

URL :  URLs do not need to be included in your reference unless you do not think the item could be found easily through a web search.  If you do include a URL put it in angled brackets. If you need to split it over two lines, only split at a slash (/) e.g.

<http://library.unitec.ac.nz/

services/libraryinstruction/mla>

 

Format : MLA requires the type of format you accessed the material in to be included in the reference. 

If you are using a hardcopy of a book put Print.

If you have accessed the book via the internet or a subscription database put Web.