Chicago Referencing

About referencing images

This page shows how you can use Chicago style to reference illustrations.

Illustrations present information using artwork such as drawings, photographs, charts, maps, and paintings.

Here are some examples of how to present and reference these in your work. There is no exact formula, but it is important to identify images and give the source (credit line).

Images (Illustrations)

Below each image:

  • Give each image a number followed by a caption.
  • Add a credit line in parentheses (this is essential if permission to use the image requires it, otherwise, you may give credits in a List of Illustrations at the end)

At the end of your work  (following the bibliography):

  • List illustrations. This may be a shortened form if credit has already been given. If you have not given credit with each image, give it here.

Examples of image references

Example - picture from a website

Notice this image is numbered - "Figure 1". Then comes the image caption - what you want your reader to know about the image. Lastly is the credit line in brackets. The website that this image comes from (Te Papa Tongarewa Collections Online) requires the given credit line to be placed with the image.


Figure 1: Founded in 1894, the oldest music school in New Zealand. (Academy of Music, Nelson, 1904, Dunedin, by Muir & Moodie studio, maker unknown. Te Papa (O.036729)).


Example - picture from a book

Credit line in this example is similar to a footnote reference, and here I have included the original source of the map. I could alternatively put this in my List of Illustrations at the end of my work.

Figure 2: The site of a weekend house built out of the rock. Map of building site, March 1935. Topographic Map oringinally courtesy Avery Library, Columbia University, here from Donald Hoffman Frank Lloyd Wright's Fallingwater: The House and it's History, 3rd ed. (New York, NY: Dover Publications,1993),14.