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Open Access: The OA movement

The Finch Report

In June 2012 the 'Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings', chaired by Professor Dame Janet Finch, published their report on how the UK can move towards Open Access to published scholarly articles. This report has been commented on widely in the press and has been quite influential. This quick overview by the Social Science Space website links to some of the press articles.

Quick facts from Laasko and Björk

2011 OA development study stats by Laasko & Bjork

- 340,000 articles published in 6173 OA journals
- 17% of a total 1.66 million articles published
- 72% of the OA articles were published by commercial publishers 
- 49% acquiring processing charges

OA News from the Guardian (UK newspaper)

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Open Access Week

International Open Access Week  is a global event, promoting Open Access as a new norm in scholarship and research.

Origins and key events of the Open Access Movement

The first major international statement on open access was the Budapest Open Access Initiative in February 2002. This provided a definition of open access, and has a growing list of signatories. Two further statements followed: the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing in June 2003 and the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities  in October 2003.

More recently, key events include:

Finch Report - published June 2012

Tasman Declaration - March 2013

Major players

Peter Suber:

National Institute of Health (NIH) - The new U.S. National Institutes of Health's Public Access Policy took effect in April 2008 and states that "all articles arising from NIH funds must be submitted to PubMed Central upon acceptance for publication".  It stipulates self-archiving in PubMed Central rather than in the author's own institutional repository, which some consider a strength and others a weakness. In 2012, the NIH announced it would enforce its Public Access Policy by blocking the renewal of grant funds to authors who don't follow the policy

Wellcome Trust  - The Wellcome Trust has had an open access policy since 2005 which requires that all research papers that have been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal, and are supported in whole or in part by Wellcome Trust funding, be made freely available through the PubMed Central (PMC) and Europe PubMed Central (Europe PMC) repositories as soon as possible and no more than six months of the journal publisher's official date of final publication.

Conferences

Student Campaign

The Right to Research Coalition