Referencing and Citing

Library workshops

Please click the picture below to join. Email libinfo@unitec.ac.nz or talk to your Knowledge Specialist to discuss tailored sessions for your class.

Referencing quick help

Try these links to help you quickly get some referencing help:

Quick©ite - examples of various resources types in various referencing styles including APA, MLA and Chicago

Knight Cite - template to produce citations in APA, MLA or Chicago. Please fill in necessary information.

Academic Integrity

Why acknowledge my sources?

Staff and students are responsible for acknowledging the sources used when writing research articles, books, assignments and projects. You must acknowledge what you have read so that:

  • readers of your work can find the original sources you used
  • the authors of the original sources you used are given credit for their work
  • your own research and ideas are clearly evident and you are given credit for your work
  • your work has credibility in the larger realm of scholarly knowledge
  • you avoid plagiarism

What is Plagiarism?

Unitec considers plagiarism a serious academic offence. Unitec's Academic Statute 2005 (Part E. 1.01 (b)) defines plagiarism as "the act of taking and using another person's thoughts, ideas, writings, inventions or work as one's own without proper acknowledgement and includes:

  • copying the work of another student without acknowledgement
  • directly copying any part of another's work without acknowledgement, including information obtained from the internet
  • summarising another's work without acknowledgement
  • using experimental results obtained by another person without acknowledgement

How can I acknowledge my sources?

You may want to include parts of someone else’s work in your assignment. This might be:

  • paraphrases
  • selections of text
  • quotations
  • graphics
  • tables
  • figures
  • graphs or diagrams

If you use any of these from someone else’s work, note down details like the title, author and date in your assignment. The details you need may differ depending on what referencing style your course requires.

There are two parts to acknowledging another's work within your own:

  1. You use an in text citation in the main body of your work that has some brief information about the source.
  2. You provide the complete information about the source at the end of your work in the form of a list of references or bibliography.

Referencing and Citing Guides

Referencing guides

There are many styles of referencing. APA and Chicago are most commonly used at Unitec. Others are MLA, Harvard and Vancouver. Once you begin using a referencing style in a paper, you must use it consistently throughout.

For more information, see these style guides:

Reference Management guides

You may find reference management software useful for keep track of a large number of citations. Within this software you can maintain your own personal library of references and insert correctly formatted references into your documents.

See these guides for more information: